July 21st, 2022
GPS jamming is a continuing threat. A detailed understanding of how the available jammers work is necessary to judge their effectiveness and limitations. A team of researchers from Cornell University and the University of Texas at Austin reports on their analyses of the signal properties of 18 commercially available GPS jammers.
Many more likely go undetected each day. In 2009, outages of a Federal Aviation Administration reference receiver at Newark Liberty International Airport close to the New Jersey Turnpike were traced to a $33, 200 milliwatt GPS jammer in a truck that passed the airport each day. And in Germany, some truck drivers have been using jammers to evade the country’s GPS-based road-toll system.
The U.S. and some foreign governments have enacted laws to prohibit the importation, marketing, sale or operation of these so-called personal privacy devices. Nevertheless, a certain number of jammers are in the hands of individuals around the world and they continue to be available from manufacturers and suppliers in certain countries. So, GPS jamming is a continuing threat both at home and abroad and a detailed understanding of how the available jammers work is necessary to judge their effectiveness and limitations. This information will also help in developing countermeasures that could be incorporated into GPS receivers to limit the impact of phone jammer.
Jammers constitute an enemy force, and as the Chinese General Sun Tzu stated in the Art of War more than 2,000 years ago, battles will be won by knowing your enemy.
It showed that all of the jammers used some sort of swept tone method to generate broadband interference. The majority of the jammers used linear chirp signals, all jammed L1, only six jammed L2, and none jammed L5. The sweep period of the jammers is about 9 microseconds on average, and they tend to sweep a range of less than 20 MHz. Some of the jammers’ sweep ranges failed to encompass the target L1 or L2 carrier frequencies.
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