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In Buddhism, Bodh Gaya is the holiest location. It is on the bank of the Lilajan River. It was Uruwela during the Buddha’s time. King Ashoka constructed the first temple on the site.

Buddha is said to have been born in 563 BC on the auspicious Baisakhi Purnima. In 534 BC, at the age of 29, Siddhartha renounced his family and traveled and meditated in quest of truth as Siddhartha. After six years of meditation at Urubela (Buddhagaya) in Gaya, he left up self-mortification since it did not bring him Vimukthi. Then, without the assistance of anyone, he found and pursued the Noble Eightfold Path, and as a result, he reached Buddhatva or enlightenment.

Many inscriptions and pilgrimage records exist to document the history of Bodh Gaya. The narratives of Chinese pilgrims Faxian in the 5th century. And Xuanzang in the 7th century is famous. For decades, the region was the epicenter of Buddhist civilization. But After that, Turkic forces captured it in the 13th century.

Gautama Siddhartha’s disciples began to visit the site during the full moon in the Hindu calendar month of Vaisakh (April–May). Over time, the location became known as Bodh Gaya, the enlightenment day as Buddha Purnima, and the tree as the Bodhi Tree.

Siddhartha Gautama, who left behind his princely life to wander and practise asceticism, sat in meditation under the Bodhi tree. Here, he overcame temptation in the shape of the demon Mara. He also set the wheels in motion to birth a major international religion—Buddhism.

The events of the Buddha’s life occurred about the fifth-century B.C.E… Bodh Gaya is also a famous pilgrimage town filled with ancient, mediaeval, and modern shrines, monasteries, temples, and hotels more than 2,500 years later. This hallowed Buddhist centre’s historical and archaeological record dates back to at least the 3rd-century B.C.E.

The Mahabodhi Temple Complex, located in the centre of historic Bodh Gaya, is bustling with shrines, monuments, and sculpted figures dating back over 2,000 years. In this article, we will also discuss three of the most significant monuments:

The Bodhi tree is a type of Buddhist tree.
The Vajrasana, or “Diamond Throne,” is a yoga posture.
The Mahabodhi Temple is a Buddhist temple in India.

By Sharjeel Waseem

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