January 22nd, 2022
Specialist online courts should be set up to deal with domestic abuse cases, a new report has recommended.
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It is hoped the move would increase protection and reduce trauma for complainers and make it easier for witnesses to give their evidence.
The Virtual Trials National Project Board recommended that every sheriffdom in Scotland should have a dedicated virtual domestic abuse court.
They would be for cases heard by a sheriff sitting without a jury.
A trial of virtual courts for domestic abuse cases took place in Inverness and Aberdeen last year and was judged a success.
The report, which has been welcomed by victims' organisations, found that introducing online courts for domestic abuse cases could help mitigate delays caused by the coronavirus pandemic, which has led to a backlog in cases.
The board's findings have been presented to the Lord Justice General, Lord Carloway and Justice Secretary Keith Brown.
Lord Carloway said: "I fully support the recommendation of the Virtual Trials National Project Board that a virtual domestic abuse summary trial court should be established in each sheriffdom.
"The pilot has clearly established the merit of this proposal."
The report states that there are about 33,000 summary trials outstanding, compared with about 14,000 pre-pandemic, and that about one quarter of all outstanding summary trials are domestic abuse cases.
It said online trials could help with efficiency by reducing the need for people to travel to court, therefore leaving existing courtroom capacity free for in-person cases.
However, it acknowledged that there would be challenges such as the need for more staff, while legislative change would be needed to create "in effect, a presumption in favour of domestic abuse trials by electronic means".
The board, which featured representation from across the justice system, including defence agents and victims' groups, carefully examined whether virtual trials could ensure that an accused person received a fair trial, and concluded that they could.
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